Gudi padwa, a springtime festival that marks the traditional new year for Marathis and Konkani Hindus. The festival is celebrated in and near the states of Maharashtra and Goa on the first day of Chaitra month for marking the beginning of the new year in accordance with luni Hindu solar calendar. The festival is observed with colorful floor decorations known as rangoli which is considered to be a special gudhi flag which is garlanded with flowers, mango, neem leaves which is topped with upturned silver or copper vessel.
In the state of Maharashtra, the first phase of the bright moon is called Gudi padwa in the Marathi language. Konkani Hindus variously refer to the day as being the corruption of the word. The Sindhi community celebrates this festival as Cheti Chand and prayers are offered to Lord Jhulelaal and delicacies are made like Tehri and sai bhajan.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE FESTIVAL
- It signifies the arrival of the spring season and the reaping of rabi crops.
- The festival is linked to the mythical day on which the Hindu god Brahma created time and the universe.
- It commemorates the coronation of Rama in Ayodhya after the victory over the evil Ravana.
- In rural Maharashtra, it is linked to the shiva’s dance and coming together of the community as gudi padhavas are carried together to Shiva temple.
CELEBRATION OF THE FESTIVAL
Thorough cleaning of the house is there. Bathing in special oil and aromatics. The women and girls prepare rangoli at the doorstep of the house and in the area where gudi is erected. All the people dress up in the best clothes. Gudi is hoisted and prayers are offered to Lord Brahma. A special ritual is performed which is breaking up of coconut by forming a human pyramid by young men and boys.
Another different custom is ingestion of neem leaves. The leaves can be eaten directly or ground into the paste for using it in special preparation of jaggery and other seeds. The importance of the custom is to mark the beginning of the festival. Special food is prepared including a sweet called shrikhand which is consumed with a type of Indian bread known as poori. Gudi padwa is celebrated much in Western and Southern India and in some parts of Eastern India. There are certain customs that are commonly observed like consumption of neem leaves in the form of paste along with jaggery preparation. This is done especially in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka. Gudi placed on the entrance of the house or on the window and it is said to be the symbol of victory. Gudi is made by tying the piece of fresh cloth around a bamboo stick which is 5 feet long. Neem leaves and garland made up of sugar candy is placed on top of it. The stick is placed on a silver or bronze pot.
GUDI PADWA 2021 DATE
Gudi padwa in the year 2021 will be celebrated in the month of April 13th date. It is a grand celebration of New Year and mostly celebrated by the people of the Deccan region.
SOME FACTS ABOUT GUDI PADWA FESTIVAL
- This festival is considered auspicious for the relation between husband and wife as newlywed women go to their mother’s house for lunch along with their husband.
- Gudi padwa falls on the three of the auspicious day of the bright phase of the moon.
- It s considered an auspicious day for farmers for sowing seeds.
- It marks the beginning of the Shaka Calendar which is named sakas when they were defeated in a battle.
- Gudi padwa is considered to be a pre-evolved form of holi.
GUDI PADWA 2020
Gudi padwa in the year 2020 is celebrated in the month of March 25th date. This festival holds lots of importance in the state of Maharashtra. The history of the festival is that according to Hindu mythology, it is believed that Lord Brahma has created the universe on the day of the festival of Gudi Padwa. It is also believed that Lord Brahma also introduced days, weeks months, and years. Ugadi is considered to be the first day of creation of the universe and because of this Lord Brahma is worshipped on this day of the festival.
In the year 2020, due to pandemic coronavirus, the celebration will be different as the government has ordered restrictions of staying indoors only. Several states and UTs have imposed a curfew for ensuring that people do not step out of their homes. This year people celebrated by staying indoors and maintaining social distance.
Gudi Padwa is an Indian festival celebrated for marking the beginning of the new year and harvest season for the people of Maharashtra. The festival is celebrated on the first month of Chaitra in accordance with the Hindu Calendar which falls usually during the month of April and March. The festival is observed under different names in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, etc.
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