The National Health Mission was launched by the government of India for the improvement of the National Rural Health Mission and also the National Urban Health Mission.
It had been further extended in March 2018, to continue until March 2020. it’s headed by Mission Director and monitored by National Level Monitors appointed by the Government of India.
It is made to make sure simultaneous action on a good range of determinants of health like water, sanitation, education, nutrition, social and gender equality. Institutional integration within the fragmented health sector was expected to supply attention to outcomes.
It is measured against Indian Public Health Standards for all health facilities. As per the 12th Plan document of the Design Commission, the flagship program of NRHM is going to be strengthened under the umbrella of the National Health Mission.
Some of the main initiatives under the National Health Mission (NHM) are as follows:
Accredited Social Health Activists (The National Health Mission 2020)
Community Health volunteers called Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) are engaged under the mission for establishing a link between the community and therefore the health system. ASHA is that the first port involves any health-related demands of deprived sections of the population, especially women and youngsters, who find it difficult to access health services in rural areas.
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Rogi Kalyan Samiti
The Rogi Kalyan Samiti may be a management structure that acts as a gaggle of trustees for the hospitals to manage the affairs of the hospital. Financial assistance is provided to those Committees through the untied fund to undertake activities for patient welfare.
Untied Grants to Sub-Centres
Untied Grants to Sub-Centers are wont to fund grass-root improvements in health care. Some examples include:
• Improved efficacy of Auxiliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs) within the field which will now undertake better antenatal care and other health care services.
• Village Health Sanitation and Nutrition Committees (VHSNC) have used untied grants to extend their involvement in their local communities to deal with the requirements of poor households and youngsters.
Health care contractors
The National Health Mission (NRHM) has provided health care contractors to all underserved areas. It has been involved in training to expand the skill set of doctors at strategically located facilities identified by the states. Similarly, due importance is given to the capacity building of nursing staff and auxiliary workers like ANMs.
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Entitlements under the scheme
The Scheme has different eligibility criteria in the Low Performing States and the High Performing States.
In LPS, all women who are delivering in government health facilities are eligible for a cash benefit. Women who prefer to deliver in accredited private institutions are eligible as long as they’re below the poverty level or belong to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe.
In HPS, only pregnant women who are Below the poverty level or belong to a Scheduled Caste or Scheduled Tribe are eligible for cash benefits, regardless of whether or not they prefer to deliver during a government clinic or an accredited private institution.
Women who are below the poverty level and prefer to deliver reception are entitled to cash assistance of ₹500 per delivery.