Pongal is considered to be a festival of the multi-day harvest festival of South India, especially in the Tamil Community. The festival is dedicated to God Surya and corresponds to Makar Sakranti the harvest festival under several regional names. The festival is celebrated for three days known as bongi Pongal, Surya Pongal, Mattu Pongal.
According to the tradition, the festival marks the end of the winter solstice and the start of the sun’s six months journey in a northwards direction. The festival is named after the ceremonial Pongal which means to boil, overflow, and refers to a traditional dish of newly harvested rice which is boiled with milk and sugar. To mark the festival sweet dish is prepared and offered to god and goddesses which is followed sometimes with an offering to the cow and then shared among family members. The festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing, and processions. It is considered to be traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powered based kolam artworks, to offer prayers at home, temples, get together with family, friends, and exchanging gifts for renewing the social bond of solidarity.
Pongal is considered to be one of the most important festivals celebrated by the Tamil community in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry in India. It is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka.
PONGAL 2021 TAMIL CALENDAR
In the year 2021, Pongal will be celebrated on 28th JANUARY according to the Tamil calendar. It is considered the most auspicious and important festival among the people of the Tamil community.
CELEBRATION OF PONGAL FESTIVAL
The celebration of the Pongal festival takes place for three days. The first day called as bhogi Pongal marks the last day of Tamil month marghazi. On this day, people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. People gather and light a bonfire for burning the heaps of discard. Houses are cleaned, painted, and decorated for a festive look. New clothes are worn and horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. The deity Indra is worshipped who is considered to be the god of rain, prayers are offered for delivering thanks and hopes for plentiful rain in the year ahead. Bhogi is observed on the same day as in Andhra Pradesh. A ceremony is held called as bhogi pallu in which fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with the flowers of the season. The money is placed into a mixture of treats and poured over children. The children separate and collect money and sweet fruits.
PONGAL 2020 DATE
The Pongal festival started in the month of January from 15 till the 18th of January. The festival is mainly celebrated to offer prayers to the sun god for a good harvest. It includes popular traditions like a drawing of rangolis, cooking of Pongal dish which is a Tamil preparation of rice boiled with milk and jaggery.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PONGAL FESTIVAL
Pongal is considered to be one such festival which is celebrated to offer thanks to the sun god and Lord Indra for helping farmers producing high yield harvest of crops. A special puja is held. The traditional festival is celebrated for continuously four days. The period of the festival is known as uttarnarayan punyakalam which bears special importance in Hindu mythology. It is believed when the Devas wake up after a long slumber period and bestows wealth and prosperity on Earth. On this auspicious day of the festival, Tamils decorate their houses with banana and mango leaves. Decoration of their houses is also done by using the rice flour for making decorative patterns.
PONGAL 2021 TELUGU CALENDAR
According to the Telugu calendar, Pongal falls in the month of January date 14th. Pongal is an auspicious and important festival celebrated with great enthusiasm and joy. Various sweet dishes and food are prepared to offer to god and have fun with family and friends.
BHOGI CALENDAR 2021
In the year 2021, bhogi falls in the month of January on the 13th. On this day bhogi p[eope discard old things and concentrate on new things for change or transformation. At dawn time, people lights a bonfire with logs of wood and other solid fuels and wooden furniture at home which is no longer useful for them. It is celebrated to bring new fortune and prosperity to the lives of people.
PONGAL 2020 TAMIL NADU
In the year 2020, the Pongal festival is celebrated in the month of January between 15 th and 18th. The first month of the Pongal is known as Thai Pongal. The freshly harvested rice is made and fed to an entire community.
THIRVALHUVAR DAY 2021
It will fall on the 15th of January in the year 2021. It is celebrated in the honor of the poet thiruvallur as part of Pongal celebrations. It will also be declared as a public official holiday in Puducherry. Thiruvalluvar was a Tamil poet and philosopher who lived in the 4th-century BCE. He is known for authoring a collection of couplets on ethics, political and economic matters. Thiruvalluvar was selected as the Tamil language’s greatest historical figure after Tamil scholars unanimously agreed to the proposal. As a result, a resolution was passed to celebrate the Thirvaluhuvar day for him by all the Tamil people on 17th January 1935.
Pongal is considered to be an auspicious festival for worshipping the sun god and is celebrated for three to four days. People decorate their houses and prepare sweet dishes of newly harvested rice. This festival is important for Tamil people or communities and is mostly celebrated in the southern part of India.
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